Border conflicts - Watch these videos and respond to the questions that follow A history of the Kashmir conflict (The Economist) 1. What country ruled India for over a century leading up to 1947? 2. What was the basis for dividing (partitioning) India into two countries - India and Pakistan? (Who lived where?) 3. Why was the Kashmir region different than other regions of India? 4. How was the border established in 1949? Why is it not a permanent border? 5. How did the border of Kashmir change in 1962? 6. What made the conflict in 1999 so potentially dangerous for the whole world? 7. Why are people still concerned about this unresolved border? Ukraine-Russia Border disputes - you’ll watch two parts of videos to get the background about this conflict. Video 1 - April 21, 2021 (Stop watching at 2 minutes 47 seconds) 1. In 2014, what actions did Russia take that set off this conflict? 2. What countries were involved in developing the “shaky ceasefire” in 2015? 3. In which region did conflicts break out again in 2021? Video 2 - November 30, 2021 (Stop watching at 2 minutes 30 seconds) 4. What is Russia doing in November that is causing concern among NATO allies? 5. How has Ukraine responded to the threat to its borders? 6. Why is the possibility of NATO expansion to Ukraine an issue for Russia?