History|IAMFROMENGLAND|ABM College of Health and Technology
3. Which interpretation do you find more convincing about what happened at the Munich Putsch? Explain your answer using Interpretations A and B and your contextual knowledge. [8 marks] Interpretation A: Adapted from an official biography of Adolf Hitler, published by the Nazi Party in 1934: Hitler shouted, ‘Close the ranks!’ and linked arms with his neighbours. The body of the man with whom Hitler was linked was shot up in the air like a ball, tearing Hitler’s arm with him, so that it sprang from the joint and fell back limp and dead. Hitler approached the man and stooped over him. Blood was pouring from his mouth. Hitler picked him up and carried him on his shoulders. ‘If I can only get him to the car,’ thought Hitler, ‘then the boy is saved.’ Interpretation B: Adapted from Hitler by the historian Joachim Fest (1973) Fest grew up in an ordinary German family who resisted the Nazi regime. This extract covers what happened to Hitler the day after the Munich Putsch. [During the short gun battle] Hitler [was pulled] down, wrenching his arm out of joint amidst the hail of bullets while all were dropping to the ground. Ludendorff stalked upright, trembling with rage, through the police cordon. The day might possibly have ended differently had a small band of determined men followed him: but none wanted. Hitler scrambled up from the pavement and took [off], leaving the dead and the wounded. In the midst of the general chaos he managed to escape. A few years later he concocted the story that he had carried a child out of the firing line to safety.